Python decorator handling docstrings

I have a problem using docstrings with decorators. Given the following example:

def decorator(f):
    def _decorator():
        print 'decorator active'
        f()
    return _decorator

@decorator
def foo():
    '''the magic foo function'''
    print 'this is function foo'

help(foo)

Now the help doesn't show me the docstring of foo as expected, it shows:

Help on function _decorator in module __main__:

_decorator()

Without the decorator, the help is correct:

Help on function foo in module __main__:

foo()
    the magic foo function

I know, that the function foo is wrapped by the decorator, and so the function object is not the function foo any more. But what is a nice solution to get the docstring (and the help) as expected?


Asked by: First Name672 | Posted: 30-11-2021






Answer 1

Use functools.wraps() to update the attributes of the decorator:

from functools import wraps

def decorator(f):
    @wraps(f)
    def _decorator():
        print 'decorator active'
        f()
    return _decorator

@decorator
def foo():
    '''the magic foo function'''
    print 'this is function foo'

help(foo)

Also see the Standard Library documentation for functools.

Answered by: Walter206 | Posted: 01-01-2022



Answer 2

I found a solution, but don't know if it's really nice:

def decorator(f):
    def _decorator():
        print 'decorator active'
        f()
    _decorator.__name__=f.__name__
    _decorator.__doc__=f.__doc__
    return _decorator

The part with _decorator.__name__=f.__name__ seems a little bit hideous... What do you think?

Answered by: Melissa798 | Posted: 01-01-2022



Answer 3

Take a look at functools.wraps: http://docs.python.org/library/functools.html

Answered by: Cherry675 | Posted: 01-01-2022



Answer 4

The solution is pretty easy. The doc string should be mentioned in the top most decorator that is being called on top of the main function. Find the example below:

import math

def wrap2(func):
    def squarer(x):
        return [math.sqrt(i) for i in func(x)]
    return squarer
    

def wrap1(func):
    def summer(x):
        return [i*2 for i in func(x)]
    return summer

def wrap3(func):
    def rounder(x):
        return [round(i,1) for i in func(x)]
    return rounder

def wrap4(func):
    def stringer(x):
        '''
    Enter the input of a 2-dim array to get the output
    '''
        return [str(i)+' rounds ' for i in func(x)]
    return stringer

@wrap4
@wrap3
@wrap2
@wrap1
def rooter(i):
    return [sum(p) for p in i]

help(rooter)

# output
Help on function stringer in module __main__:

stringer(x)
    Enter the input of a 2-dim array to get the output

---or----

Signature: rooter(x)
Docstring: Enter the input of a 2-dim array to get the output
File:      d:\<ipython-input-392-487fc73b05cf>
Type:      function

So, the Doc String must be mentioned in the wrap4 decorator function for it to be visible in the main function.

Answered by: Blake617 | Posted: 01-01-2022



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