Python - How do I convert "an OS-level handle to an open file" to a file object?

tempfile.mkstemp() returns:

a tuple containing an OS-level handle to an open file (as would be returned by and the absolute pathname of that file, in that order.

How do I convert that OS-level handle to a file object?

The documentation for states:

To wrap a file descriptor in a "file object", use fdopen().

So I tried:

>>> import tempfile
>>> tup = tempfile.mkstemp()
>>> import os
>>> f = os.fdopen(tup[0])
>>> f.write('foo\n')
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<stdin>", line 1, in ?
IOError: [Errno 9] Bad file descriptor

Asked by: Roland259 | Posted: 01-10-2021

Answer 1

You can use

os.write(tup[0], "foo\n")

to write to the handle.

If you want to open the handle for writing you need to add the "w" mode

f = os.fdopen(tup[0], "w")

Answered by: Melissa945 | Posted: 02-11-2021

Answer 2

Here's how to do it using a with statement:

from __future__ import with_statement
from contextlib import closing
fd, filepath = tempfile.mkstemp()
with closing(os.fdopen(fd, 'w')) as tf:

Answered by: Roman542 | Posted: 02-11-2021

Answer 3

You forgot to specify the open mode ('w') in fdopen(). The default is 'r', causing the write() call to fail.

I think mkstemp() creates the file for reading only. Calling fdopen with 'w' probably reopens it for writing (you can reopen the file created by mkstemp).

Answered by: Elise808 | Posted: 02-11-2021

Answer 4

temp = tempfile.NamedTemporaryFile(delete=False)

Answered by: Julia864 | Posted: 02-11-2021

Answer 5

What's your goal, here? Is tempfile.TemporaryFile inappropriate for your purposes?

Answered by: Michael926 | Posted: 02-11-2021

Answer 6

I can't comment on the answers, so I will post my comment here:

To create a temporary file for write access you can use tempfile.mkstemp and specify "w" as the last parameter, like:

f = tempfile.mkstemp("", "", "", "w") # first three params are 'suffix, 'prefix', 'dir'...
os.write(f[0], "write something")

Answered by: Elian601 | Posted: 02-11-2021

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