Is there any difference between "string" and 'string' in Python? [duplicate]
In PHP, a string enclosed in "double quotes" will be parsed for variables to replace whereas a string enclosed in 'single quotes' will not. In Python, does this also apply?
Asked by: Grace753 | Posted: 27-01-2022
Answered by: Walter187 | Posted: 28-02-2022
2.4.1. String and Bytes literals
...In plain English: Both types of literals can be enclosed in matching single quotes (
') or double quotes (
"). They can also be enclosed in matching groups of three single or double quotes (these are generally referred to as triple-quoted strings). The backslash (
\) character is used to escape characters that otherwise have a special meaning, such as newline, backslash itself, or the quote character...
Python is one of the few (?) languages where ' and " have identical functionality. The choice for me usually depends on what is inside. If I'm going to quote a string that has single quotes within it I'll use double quotes and visa versa, to cut down on having to escape characters in the string.
"this doesn't require escaping the single quote" 'she said "quoting is easy in python"'
This is documented on the "String Literals" page of the python documentation:
- http://docs.python.org/2/reference/lexical_analysis.html#string-literals (2.x)
- http://docs.python.org/3/reference/lexical_analysis.html#string-and-bytes-literals (3.x)
In some other languages, meta characters are not interpreted if you use single quotes. Take this example in Ruby:
irb(main):001:0> puts "string1\nstring2" string1 string2 => nil irb(main):002:0> puts 'string1\nstring2' string1\nstring2 => nil
In Python, if you want the string to be taken literally, you can use raw strings (a string preceded by the 'r' character):
Answered by: Carina580 | Posted: 28-02-2022
>>> print 'string1\nstring2' string1 string2 >>> print r'string1\nstring2' string1\nstring2
Single and double quoted strings in Python are identical. The only difference is that single-quoted strings can contain unescaped double quote characters, and vice versa. For example:
'a "quoted" word' "another 'quoted' word"
Then again, there are triple-quoted strings, which allow both quote chars and newlines to be unescaped.
You can substitute variables in a string using named specifiers and the locals() builtin:
Answered by: John286 | Posted: 28-02-2022
name = 'John' lastname = 'Smith' print 'My name is %(name)s %(lastname)s' % locals() # prints 'My name is John Smith'
The interactive Python interpreter prefers single quotes:
>>> "text" 'text' >>> 'text' 'text'
This could be confusing to beginners, so I'd stick with single quotes (unless you have different coding standards).Answered by: Daisy518 | Posted: 28-02-2022
The difference between " and ' string quoting is just in style - except that the one removes the need for escaping the other inside the string content.
PEP8 recommends a consistent rule, PEP257 suggests that docstrings use triple double quotes.
In Python, single-quoted strings and double-quoted strings are the same. This PEP does not make a recommendation for this. Pick a rule and stick to it. When a string contains single or double quote characters, however, use the other one to avoid backslashes in the string. It improves readability.
For triple-quoted strings, always use double quote characters to be consistent with the docstring convention in PEP 257 .
Widely used however is the practice to prefer double-quotes for natural language strings (including interpolation) - thus anything which is potentially candidate for I18N. And single quotes for technical strings: symbols, chars, paths, command-line options, technical REGEXes, ...
(For example, when preparing code for I18N, I run a semi-automatic REGEX converting double quoted strings quickly for using e.g.
There are 3 ways you can qoute strings in python: "string" 'string' """ string string """ they all produce the same result.Answered by: John333 | Posted: 28-02-2022
There is no difference in Python, and you can really use it to your advantage when generating XML. Correct XML syntax requires double-quotes around attribute values, and in many languages, such as Java, this forces you to escape them when creating a string like this:
String HtmlInJava = "<body bgcolor=\"Pink\">"
But in Python, you simply use the other quote and make sure to use the matching end quote like this:
html_in_python = '<body bgcolor="Pink">'
Pretty nice huh? You can also use three double quotes to start and end multi-line strings, with the EOL's included like this:
Answered by: Agata450 | Posted: 28-02-2022
multiline_python_string = """ This is a multi-line Python string which contains line breaks in the resulting string variable, so this string has a '\n' after the word 'resulting' and the first word 'word'."""
Yes. Those claiming single and double quotes are identical in Python are simply wrong.
Otherwise in the following code, the double-quoted string would not have taken an extra 4.5% longer for Python to process:
import time time_single = 0 time_double = 0 for i in range(10000000): # String Using Single Quotes time1 = time.time() str_single1 = 'Somewhere over the rainbow dreams come true' str_single2 = str_single1 time2 = time.time() time_elapsed = time2 - time1 time_single += time_elapsed # String Using Double Quotes time3 = time.time() str_double1 = "Somewhere over the rainbow dreams come true" str_double2 = str_double1 time4 = time.time() time_elapsed = time4 - time3 time_double += time_elapsed print 'Time using single quotes: ' + str(time_single) print 'Time using double quotes: ' + str(time_double)
>python_quotes_test.py Time using single quotes: 13.9079978466 Time using double quotes: 14.5360121727
So if you want fast clean respectable code where you seem to know your stuff, use single quotes for strings whenever practical. You will also expend less energy by skipping the shift key.Answered by: Adelaide892 | Posted: 28-02-2022
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