# How to calculate slope in numpy

If I have an array of 50 elements, how would I calculate a 3 period slope and a 5 period slope? The docs dont add much.....

``````>>> from scipy import stats
>>> import numpy as np
>>> x = np.random.random(10)
>>> y = np.random.random(10)
>>> slope, intercept, r_value, p_value, std_err = stats.linregress(x,y)
``````

Would this work?

``````def slope(x, n):
if i<len(x)-n:
slope = stats.linregress(x[i:i+n],y[i:i+n])
return slope
``````

but the would the arrays be the same length

@joe:::

``````xx = [2.0 ,4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 26, 28, 30]
x  = np.asarray(xx, np.float)
s  = np.diff(x[::3])/3

window  = [1, 0, 0, 0,  -1]
window2 = [1, 0,  -1]
slope   = np.convolve(x, window, mode='same') / (len(window) - 1)
slope2  = np.convolve(x, window2, mode='same') / (len(window2) - 1)

print x
print s

print slope
print slope2
``````

Results.....

``````[  2.   4.   6.   8.  10.  12.  14.  16.  18.  20.  22.  24.  26.  28.  30.]
[ 2.  2.  2.  2.]
[ 1.5  2.   2.   2.   2.   2.   2.   2.   2.   2.   2.   2.   2.  -6.  -6.5]
[  2.   2.   2.   2.   2.   2.   2.   2.   2.   2.   2.   2.   2.   2. -14.]
``````

The slope and slope2 are what Im after except the -6, -6.5 and -14 arent the results I am looking for.

this worked.......

``````window    = [1, 0, 0, -1]
slope     = np.convolve(xx, window, mode='valid') / float(len(window) - 1)
print slope
``````

Asked by: Catherine305 | Posted: 27-01-2022

I'm assuming you mean the slope calculated on every 3rd and 5th element so that you have a series of (exact, not least-squares) slopes?

If so, you'd just do something along the lines of:

``````third_period_slope = np.diff(y[::3]) / np.diff(x[::3])
fifth_period_slope = np.diff(y[::5]) / np.diff(x[::5])
``````

I'm probably entirely misunderstanding what you mean, though. I've never head the term "3 period slope" before...

If you want more of a "moving window" calculation (so that you have the same number of input elements as output elements), just model it as a convolution with a window of `[-1, 0, 1]` or `[-1, 0, 0, 0, 1]`.

E.g.

``````window = [-1, 0, 1]
slope = np.convolve(y, window, mode='same') / np.convolve(x, window, mode='same')
``````

Answered by: Samantha465 | Posted: 28-02-2022

Just use the subset of the data that contains the points (periods -- I'm assuming you're talking about financial data here) you're interested in:

``````for i in range(len(x)):
if i<len(x)-3:
slope, intercept, r_value, p_value, std_err = stats.linregress(x[i:i+3],y[i:i+3])
if i<len(x)-5:
slope, intercept, r_value, p_value, std_err = stats.linregress(x[i:i+5],y[i:i+5])
``````

(This isn't the most efficient approach, btw, if all you want is the slopes, but it's easy.)

Answered by: Rafael923 | Posted: 28-02-2022

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