Read the last lineof the file
Imagine I have a file with
Xpto,50,30,60 Xpto,a,v,c Xpto,1,9,0 Xpto,30,30,60
that txt file can be appended a lot of times and when I open the file I want only to get the values of the last line of the txt file... How can i do that on python? reading the last line?
Asked by: Julia783 | Posted: 05-10-2021
I think my answer from the last time this came up was sadly overlooked. :-)
Answered by: Alina248 | Posted: 06-11-2021
If you're on a unix box,
os.popen("tail -10 " + filepath).readlines()will probably be the fastest way. Otherwise, it depends on how robust you want it to be. The methods proposed so far will all fall down, one way or another. For robustness and speed in the most common case you probably want something like a logarithmic search: use file.seek to go to end of the file minus 1000 characters, read it in, check how many lines it contains, then to EOF minus 3000 characters, read in 2000 characters, count the lines, then EOF minus 7000, read in 4000 characters, count the lines, etc. until you have as many lines as you need. But if you know for sure that it's always going to be run on files with sensible line lengths, you may not need that.
You might also find some inspiration in the source code for the unix
f.seek( pos ,2) seeks to 'pos' relative to the end of the file.
try a reasonable value for pos then readlines() and get the last line.
You have to account for when 'pos' is not a good guess, i.e. suppose you choose 300, but the last line is 600 chars long! in that case, just try again with a reasonable guess, until you capture the entire line. (this worst case should be very rare)Answered by: Abigail821 | Posted: 06-11-2021
Um why not just seek to the end of the file and read til you hit a newline?.
Answered by: Daniel577 | Posted: 06-11-2021
i=0 while(1): f.seek(i, 2) c = f.read(1) if(c=='\n'): break
Not sure about a python specific implementation, but in a more language agnostic fashion, what you would want to do is skip (seek) to the end of the file, and then read each character in backwards order until you reach the line feed character that your file is using, usually a character with value 13. just read forward from that point to the end of the file, and you will have the last line in the file.Answered by: Kristian297 | Posted: 06-11-2021
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